Candle is not anymore a seasonal business. You could find a variety of design and scent in different stores. Candles are now shaped as cartoon characters, buildings etc. Most candles today that we could find in department store are purely for decorative purpose and some are for aroma theraphy. Here is a simple article about candle making.
Things you need:
(Most are available in Divisoria)
Vegetable oil spry / separating medium / releasing agent
Two pan, one small, one big for water bath
Measuring cup / beaker
Mold sealer / clay
Basic Candle Making
- Prepare the water bath. Put water in the larger pan and put the smaller pan inside then heat it. The water should cover half the area of the submerged smaller pot.
- Prepare the amount of wax you need. To know the amount of wax you need, put water in the mold. Then, transfer it to a measuring cup / beaker. For every 3.5 ounces of water you need 3 ounces of wax. 1 pound of wax is equivalent to 19-20 ounces of wax. Clean the mold.
- Once you have determined the amount chip it into small pieces so it will melt easily. Be sure to add a little extra of wax (5-10%)
- Melt the wax. Be sure that you know the melting point of the wax and flashpoint.
Flashpoint is the temperature on which it would be combustible. You can look at the packaging for the flashpoint and melting point. Use the thermometer to monitor the temperature. Continue reading “Candle Making Business (Mold type)”
T-shirt printing is a good hobby and a rewarding one. I remember when i was in college, i sell t-shirt that my brother made. The price is around 250 per shirt and the cost to produce is around 110-150 pesos. Not bad isn’t it. So, below is a simple tutorial about this. For sure, this would be a trial and error type of business but once you master it, money will surely come.
Silkscreen with frame.
Mixing bowl / cup
Squeegee applicator / rubber applicator
Plywood / hard flat plastic/Formica
Glass as big as the frame (optional)
Pressurized water source
- Think of a design. For starters, start with one color design. You could try the “worst president logo”. It is difficult to copy it by hand so better use a computer. Print it in an acetate. Because of the advent of computers using stencils is now a bit outdated.
- Clean the surface of the silkscreen. Be sure there is no dust, particles etc.
- Then get the photo emulsion. Usually it has two components. The pink liquid part and a white crystalline part or a clear liquid. Just mixed a minimal amount in the mixing bowl or cup. Enough to cover the whole silkscreen.(see instruction of manufacturer before using it, just to be sure.)
- Place the silkscreen vertically, slightly inclined, and the flat surface facing you.
- Now, use the paintbrush to apply thin layer of the photo emulsion to the screen. Apply it from the top going down. Be sure that all areas are covered and there is no bubbles or excess photo emulsion that is dripping. Do this also in the inner portion of the silkscreen.
- Upon doing so, place the silkscreen on a dark room or dark closet for at least 2-3 hours.
- Afterwards, place the acetate on the flat surface of the silkscreen and cover it will the glass. The acetate will be sandwich between the glass and the silkscreen. Then put it under the sun. Some uses a halogen lamp. They place it under the halogen lamp to dry. Exposure time would be from around 10-15 seconds using a halogen lamp. If under the sun it would depend on the intensity of the sun. In short, it would be a trial and error process.
- After sun drying / bulb drying, you need to remove the excess photo emulsion from the silkscreen. Use a pressurized water source to remove it. Spray into the silkscreen. You will see the image of the acetate is now in your silkscreen.
- Clean it thoroughly and let it dry.
Continue reading “Silkscreen Printing Business / T-shirt Printing Business”
Bees are hard working insect that gives us honey (what else..). As what they say, honey is the only food that never spoils. Honey is primarily from the nectar of plants on which the honey bees extracted and deposits it in their honey comb.
It is high time to invest in the honey bee production. Currently, USA production is very down. They are experiencing a mass bee death with unknown etiology since last year and currently it is still on going. And if their production is down it only means that they need to import from other countries like the Philippines.
Here is an article about Honey Bee production.
Suitable areas for rearing native honey beesColonies of native bees could easily be established in areas where there are plenty of flowering plants throughout the year. Bees in these areas will practically yield more honey.
Having diversified farms, Cavite and Batangas provide good foraging grounds for bee colonies. In Quezon where coconut palms flower throughout the year, bee colonies under coconut plantations would just be alright. Mindanao is another good area to raise honey bees.
One practical method of assessing the suitability of an area for beekeeping is counting the number of wild bee colonies. If the density of bee colonies is high, it means that the area is suitable for bee culture. Continue reading “Honey bee production / Bee keeping”
The word “paper” is derived from the word papyrus. Papyrus is a plant on which the Egyptian used to as a “paper”. To be specific they used the leaf as a paper.
Before the advent of paper, people tend to write on walls, and because you cannot carry a wall with you to deliver a message it was then improved in the form of tablets / stone. Then generation past and people need to lessen the burden of carrying a tablet so they tried to used different materials to make paper. So, the story goes on until they discovered different plats to make paper and in the end process they settled o using pulp of different plant to make paper.
In the last thousand of years of man’s existence it is difficult to imagine our lives without paper. So, to appreciate more the importance of paper, why not make one.
Here is an article about Paper making:
RECYCLE RICE STRAW INTO HANDMADE PAPER
— rice straw
— sodium hydroxide
— sodium hypochloride
— rosin size
— cheese cloth
Continue reading “Paper making / How to make paper”