Trichantera: Cheaper Feed Substitute to Soybean Oil Meal

Trichantera: Cheaper Feed Substitute to Soybean Oil Meal

One problem among local hog raiser is the high cost of feed production. Costly commercial-mixed feeds such as the soybean oil meal (SBOM) contribute substantially to the high cost of feed ingredients as they have to be imported int he country as part of the protein requirement in pig ration. The necessity therefore to find cheaper substitutes to lower the production cost of both feeds and finisher pigs to attain higher returns has been imperative.
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Scientists Find Twinning Technology in Dairy Cattle Succesful

Scientists Find Twinning Technology in Dairy Cattle Succesful

The cow (Bos Taurus for European breeds and Bos indicus for indian Breeds), belonging to the family Bovidae, is characterized as a uniparous large ruminant- an animal capable of producing only a single offspring per birth.
The low prolificacy of cattle coupled with the small population used in breeding have contributed to the dwindling cattle production in the country. This problem may just have found solution in the first successful induced twinning in dairy cattle spearheaded by Dr. Antonio A. Rayos, veterinarian and assistant professor at the Dairy Training and Research Institute (DTRI) UP los Banos.
In a series of laboratory tests, two healthy calves (male and female) each weighing 18kg were successfully conceived after 254 days of gestation with the female co-twin having a normal reproductive tract on examination.
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MMSU recommends off season tomato

MMSU recommends off season tomato

Three new tomato hybrids developed by researchers from the Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU) offer excellent opportunities to Ilocos farmers to venture into profitable tomato production during the off-season.
The developed hybrids are high yielding early maturing and tolerant to the very humid conditions during wet seasons in the Ilocos region. The fruits are juicy, sour, and have round and deep oblate shapes, qualities that are preferred by locals consumers.

The three MMSU hybrids (hybrids 1, 2, and 3) were developedin a five year study by MMSU researchers – Marylis Nalundasn, Rolando C. Ruguian and Victor V. Alpuerto of Monsanto Philippines, inc.
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LDPs of the DA: An Analysis

LDPs of the DA: An Analysis

The Livestock Dispersal Program (LDP) is one of the most expensive initiative of the Department ofAgriculture (DA). An assessment study on LDPs showed an even increasing budget allocation over the last 11 years.

The BAR-funded study, titled Assessment of the Livestock Dispersal Program of the DA was the second component of the Imperatives for Trade Competitiveness and Technology Assessment of the Livestock Sector. The study focused on three LDPs of the most expensive commodity: cattle. It aimed to harmonize the result of the three LDPs taken into consideration, thus providing basis for assessing its impact.

Profile of LDPs

Forty-five years ago, President Magsaysay’s administration started implementing the LDPs. Until today, it has been one of the government’s initiatives to provide additional income to farmers. The study looked into the practices of three flagship LDPs: Multi-livestock Development and Loan Program (MLDLP)

MLDLP started in 1989 from the initiatives of the National Agriculture and Fisheries Council. The program provides financial assistance to its beneficiaries through conduit banks that have satisfied the guidelines set by the program. The beneficiaries of the program must either be organized cooperatives or members of any farmer’s associations or cooperatives. Livestock markets, local ranchers and DA stock farms serve as sources of animals to be loaned to beneficiaries. The Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) implements this program .

Barangay Livestock Breeding Loan Program (BLBLP)

BLBLP started in 1996 during the term of then DA Secreatary Salvador Escudero III. The program aimed to cater to the livestock needs of rural poor not included in the MLDLP, specifically to the 21 poorest provinces in the country. The program likewise cover Muslim regions and other coconut-growing provinces that are most often hit by typhoons. BAI likewise implements this program

Dairy Cattle Dispersal (DCD)

DCD, implemented by the National Dairy Authority (NDA) aims at empowering dairy cooperatives; thus creating a more competitive dairy industry. NDA initially identifies new dairy sites in specific key areas. Coooperatives are then chosen and given assistance in the form of dairy animal loans and technical assistance. When these cooperatives are equipped with the necessary skills to undertake dairy operations, institutionalization phase then follows when dairy cooperatives are left on their own.

Target and accomplishments

The study indicated that except for MLDLP, BLBLP and DCD had no clear target number of beneficiaries and animals to be dispersed annually since 1994. Data analysed on program accomplishment were limited in years when BAI and NDA made targets for BLBLP and DCDE, respectively. However,  explained that in the case of BLBLP these numbers were dependent on the number of request received from regional , provincial, barangay officials and other local government units.

Data gathere receealed that MLDLP had a 102% average accomplishment in number of benifaciaries in 1994-1998. Accomplishment rates in animals dispersed during the same time period reaches 15%. BLBLP in the other hand, rated only 33% in both average animals dispersed and number of beneficiaries in 1997-1998. Moreover DCD likewise recorded a low average, 43% in animals dispersed in 1996-1997.


To complement the initiatives of the different LDPs the study recommended that all LP providers should come up with a set of unified implementation guidelines. Among the recommendations included for the enhancement of the guidelines were:
Financing scheme that may allow the government a return of investment of about 10%-15%

LDP succees /failure medium term Milestones hinged on economic and social well-being of beneficiaries.

LDP programs that enhances empowerment for rural poor and discourages dependency to government support

Sustainable government livelihood or economic assistance to the poor.
Another unified effort from the LDPs this time in adopting an integrated set of socioeconomic indicators as basis for assessing all its initiatives was likewise recommended by the study. A management information system could also be established to improve the LDP’s monitoring and evaluation mechanism. Moreover, the study recommended a review on the LDP objectives to integrate a mechanism for improving the genetic makeup of animals dispersed. A mapping activity which would give a clear profile of the LDPs’ beneficiaries and their specific locations was likewise proposed. Capability-building training programs, designed to equip the LDP providers with the necessary skills, could also be implemented.

Source: BAR Today January March 2001 issue, Laarni C Anenias