There are two kinds of bell pepper- one is the pungent kind and the other not. The first is used
in food manufacturing where they are processes as spice and sold as food condiments. The
other, non pungent, is the ordinary kind sold in markets.
A hectare of pepper can accommodate 27,600 plants that are about 60 cm apart from each
Bell pepper likes a warm climate, fertile soil that does not lodge water; it is good to plant it at a
time when the sun shines abundantly in that place.
COMMERCIAL SCALE PLANTING
As in the preparation for other plants,
1. Plow the field to remove weeds and their roots. Harrow afterwards.
2. Repeat after a week so as long to remove remaining weeds whose seeds have now
germinated since the first plowing.
3. Repeat a third time after 5 days for same reason.
4. Dig holes 60 cm apart from one another, 15 cm deep.
5. Before transplanting the seedling, put about 4 cm deep compost at the bottom (if in
summer) and 10 cm compost on top ( in rainy weather) to facilitate watering.
6. With this preparation, prepare the nursery for seedlings.
PREPARATION FOR NURSERY
The nursery bed for bell pepper is about 1 meter wide with the soil about 10 cm high.
1. Mix a can (kerosene can) of compost for every square meter bed.
2. Place dried coconut leaves about 5 cm thick over the bed for burning. Remove the pieces
left unburned. Water very well the nursery bed and compact the top with the aid of a spade or flat wood.
3. Line the bed with strings crossing one another, about 6 cm apart, Thrust a stick to make a
hole at every intersection into which drop e seeds.
4. Cover with fine oil 1 cm deep and press with the finger.
5. Use spray water in watering so as not to dislodge the small seeds. Water only during early
morning and late afternoon. If it rains, put a proof over the seedlings.
The best fertilizer for soil is compost (or decomposed farm wastes). In its absence, the
following commercial fertilizer may be used as follows:
1. Mix 80 grams urea in 16 liters with 3 tablespoons Lannate – Benlate combination. Fungicide
and pesticide may also be included. Spray every seven days.
2. When the seedling are about 4 weeks old, pass a sharp knife through the rows, about 2 cm
deep or more to make the branches grows from the main stem.
3. The seedling can be transferred to the field in about 5 weeks.