There are more than 40 species of coffee, but only four of these are commercially cultivated in

coffee producing countries. These are:

1. Arabica -considered the best quality coffee because of its excellent flavor and aroma.

  This grows in cool places with an elevation of 1,200 – 1,800 above sea level

The shrub is rounded and smaller than Robusta Liberica and Execelsa trees. The

lateral branches are opposite in arrangement, horizontal and in pairs. The leaves are

dark glossy green on the upper surface and light green underneath, about 1 – 14 cm

long and about 56 cm wide, oval or elliptical, short at the base and somewhat


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