One of the country’s centers for collection and propagating of rubber clones, the University of Southern Mindanao (USM) in Kabacan, North Cotabato, recently released a list of recommended clone of rubber.
The list comprises of the following clones:RRIM 600 (Rb 99-01), RRIM 712, RRIM 901, PB 217(Rb99-02), PB 235 (Rb99-04), PB 260, USM 1 (Rb 99-03), PB 330, and PB311. Among the new clones, USM1 (Rb 99-03) has the highest dry rubber yield per year (2.5 tons/ha). PB 330 is also one of the highest yielding lines, recording an average annual yield of 2.38 tons/ha, closely followed by PB 260, producing 2.37 tons/ha per year.
Rubber clones are products of a normal plant breeding technique called clonal propagation. This technique involves screening with favourable traits. These will then be monitored for performance that could take decades. Finally, the best trees will be identified and recommended for propagation and planting. Unselected seedlings yield around 400 kg/ha/year whereas modern clones, produced by generations of breeding cycles, can give commercial yields well over 2000 kg/ha/year. (international Rubber Research and Development Board)
Dry rubber production in the country is estimated to average 77,000 tons per year. This rate of production gradually increased from a meager yield of less than 0.5 tons /ha in the 1960s through the adoption of appropriate cultural management practices and use of high-yielding clones. Still, the annual consumption of rubber at 133,000 tons/ha, exceeds its rate of production . Moreover, according to the Philippine Rubber Industry Master Plan, annual consumption is expected to increase to 170,000 tins from 2001 to 2005. Rubber growers will need to increase productivity to meet the industry’s growing demands. The RDE plantation crops network aids in developing strategies that will develop the plantation crop industry into a sustainable and globally competitive venture.
USM is on of the institutional members of the National Research Development and Extension (RDE) Network on Plantation Crops. The network advocates the use of high-yielding clones as one of the technology promotion and adoption thrusts of the network.
Source: BAR TODAY July-September 2001, Laarni C. Anenias
Description and Rubber yield of USM recommended clones of rubber provided by the Plant Crops Network International Rubber Research and Development Board. Http://www.irrdb.org/agronomy/yield.htm
The Philippine recommends for rubber by the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources.