Mustard is one of the most common leafy vegetables in the market. It is rich in calcium, iron, phosphorus, and vitamins.

There are two important varieties of mustar, the Tagalog and Chinese. The first is smaller but more pungent than the second.

It grows in any kind of well-drained soil but , if available, rich sandy loam soil is preferable. The plants are usually planted from September to December when the climate turns from  mild to cool.


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Mustasa as herbal medicine

Mustasa is widely distributed in the settled areas of the Philippines, in towns, near houses, etc., planted and spontaneous. It was certainly introduced from the Asia, and is now pantropic in distribution, occurring also in some temperate regions.

                The plant is an erect, branched, smooth annual, 0.4 to 1 meter in height. The leaves are oblong-obovate to oblong lanleocate, 5 to 15 centimeters long, or in some cultivated forms much larger, thin, irregularly toothed or subentire, the lower ones sometimes being lobed or pinnatifid. The flowers are yellow and 6 to 8 millimeters long. The pod is ascending, linear-lanceolate, 1.5 to 3 centimeters long, and somewhat contracted between the seeds, and the beak is seedless.

                The leaves are eaten in the Philippines as a green leafy vegetable, either fresh or pickled in brine. Marañon shows that the leaves are excellent sources of calcium, phosphorus and iron. Hermano and Sepulveda claim that they are a good source of vitamin B.

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