FIMBRISTYLIS MILIACEA (Linn.) Vahl.
Scirpus miliaceus Linn.
Scirpus niloticus Blanco
Trichelostylis miliacea Nees & Arn.
Isolepis miliacea Presl
Local names: Agor (Tag.); gumi (Pang.); sirau-sirau (Ilk.); sirisi-buyas (Bik.); taulat (Tag.); ubod-ubod (Tag.).
Agor is a characteristic paddy weed found throughout the Philippines in open, wet places. It is pantropic in distribution.
Agor is tufted, slender, glabrous, rather flaccid annual, 40 to 60 centimeters high. The leaves are basal, distichous, up to 40 centimeters in length. The umbels are decompound, rather lax and diffuse, and 6 to 10 centimeters long. The spikelets are small, globose, 2 to 2.5 millimeters long, pale or brown, mostly slenderly pedicelled, some sessile. The nuts are obovoid, 0.5 millimeter long.
According to Burkill and Haniff the Malays sometimes use the leaves for poulticing in fever.
BIXA ORELLANA Linn.
Local names: Achiti (Ilk.); achote (Tag.); achoete (Tagb.); achuete (Tag., Sbl., Bik., P. Bis., Ilk.); asoti (Ibn.); atsiute (Sbl.); apatut (Gad.); asuite (Ilk.); asuti (Tag.); atseuete (Tag.); atsuite (Ilk.); chanang (Sul.); chotes (S. L. Bis.); janang (Sul.); sotis (C. Bis.); annatto (Engl.).
Achuete is usually planted in and about towns throughout the Philippines. It is a native of tropical America, and is now pantropic in cultivation.
This tree grows from 4 to 6 meters in height. The leaves are entire, ovate, 8 to 20 centimeters long, and 5 to 12 centimeters wide, with broad, more or less heart-shaped base, and pointed wide, with board, m, and pointed tip. The flowers are white or pinkish, 4 to 6 centimeters in diameter, and borne on terminal panicles. The capsules are ovoid or somewhat rounded, reddish brown, about 4 centimeters long, and covered with long, slender, rather soft spines; and contain many small seeds, which are covered with a red pulp, which yields a well-known dye. Continue reading “Atseuete”