Today, societal and scientific concerns regarding exclusive dependency on chemicals have emphasized the need for the development and introduction of cheap and environment friendly pesticide alternatives. One such alternative is the use of botanicals to control ectoparasites in poultry , swine and ruminants.
In a recent study conducted by animal scientist from the University of the Philippines at Los Banos (UPLB) eight botanicals were tested for their efficacy in controlling ectoparasites in poultry and selected ruminants namely: carabao, goat, sheep, cattle and dog.
Many of our local plants contain helpful chemicals, particularly alkaloids, that are effective against fungal and bacterial diseases of other plants. Thus, they are mixed with the soil to control the fungus that causes the diseases of seedlings. Allow the leaves to decompose for about one week before transplanting the seedlings. Some of these leaves are as follows: