There are more than 40 species of coffee, but only four of these are commercially cultivated in
coffee producing countries. These are:
1. Arabica -considered the best quality coffee because of its excellent flavor and aroma.
– This grows in cool places with an elevation of 1,200 – 1,800 above sea level
The shrub is rounded and smaller than Robusta Liberica and Execelsa trees. The
lateral branches are opposite in arrangement, horizontal and in pairs. The leaves are
dark glossy green on the upper surface and light green underneath, about 1 – 14 cm
long and about 56 cm wide, oval or elliptical, short at the base and somewhat