Patatas

POTATOES

 

Planting potatoes using growths has been tried and found better than using the root crop

itself. The former is more productive, and grows faster. This is possible with the varieties

Ackersegen and Mariella.

 

Manner of planting

 

1. Select potatoes free from disease with growths around 1-3 cm long.

2. Cut up the parts with growths that will serve as “cutting”.

3. Plant these first in a pot.

4. When 4 or more leaves have come out, this can be transferred in the field.

5. Potatoes like clayey or sandy soil. Sieve the soil to remove dirt and clumps of soil.

Mix the soil with animal manure (carabao, horse, cow, etc.)1 part soil and 2 parts dried manure.

6. Mix pots out of banana or nanka leaves or similar wide leaves.

7. Fill these with the mixture of soil and manure.

 

Cutting Up to growths

 

The best time for cutting growths is from October to the first days of November.

 

1. Remove with the hand the growths from the flesh of the potato.

2. Cut up the potato with growths around 4-5 mm size.

3. Place the growths in the center of each pot and press gently until it is halfway down in the

soil mixture.

4. Place these in the shade where there is no strong wind.

5. Water with hose 3-4 times a day.

6. In 3-5 days, roots and shoots will grow.

7. On the 7-8 days, put them in the place with adequate sunlight.

8. Put 1 gram urea and 2 grams single superphosphate in a water, and spray this on the

plants 2-3 times a day.

9. After 2 weeks, the plants will be about 7-10 cm high, this can be transferred to the field.

10. The mother potato from where the growths were taken can also be planted.

If the shoots are many, 2 growths can be taken from every root crop and planted immediately.

 

PLANTING

 

1. Make beds where cutting will be planted. Make the soil fine, and plant the cutting 20-25 cm

apart.

2. Apply fertilizer such as:

– animal manure – 2kg/sq m or 20 tons/ha

– superphosphate – 350 gms/ha

– muriate of potash – 150 gms/ha

– nitrogen – 150 gms/ha

3. In planting, choose a time when it is not rainy. Transplant the whole plant from its pot so as

not to hurt the roots.

Place 1-2 plants in every hill (tundos). Put soil around each plant.

4. Water the plant 2 times a day for a week.

5. From transplanting, apply fertilizer 4 times: days 12-15, 25-30, 40-45, 55-60.

6. After 3-4 weeks without rain, irrigate the plants as in ordinary irrigation.

 

HARVESTING

 

1. Choose only matured root crops.

2. Store in a place with plenty of sunlight. Let this harden and turn green.

3. After 7-8 days, store in the usual way of storing crops.

 

from: PCARRD Farmers Sept 1987

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